(Excerpts from source- book by Dr. Kirpal Singh)
The world’s first automobile was produced in 1892 by Emile Levassor of France while first petrol car in USA was operated in 1893. Soon after in 1898 three old mobiles were imported in India. General motorsIndia Ltd. started their factory in Bombay in 1928 for assembling cars and trucks. In 1930 Ford Motor Co. of India Ltd. started their assembly shop in Madras and in 1931 at Bombay and Calcutta. The first repair shop, French Motors was opened in Calcutta in 1905.After 1930, the road transport made rapid strides. The stage was now set for comprehensive legislation to control and regulate motor transport and thus emerged the motor vehicles Act of 1939, which was drafted on the model of British Law. To settle broader issues regarding motor transport , Kirknass Mitchell committee was formed. Motor vehicles Act was also amended in 1956 to keep pace with the changing requirements. After 1931 another CKD car and truck assembly plan twas set up in 1936 in Madras by Addition and Co. . The
first Indian owned motor vehicle plant started working in 1947 when premier Automobiles Ltd. under the management of Aero Auto brought out Dodge, De-soto andFargo trucks and buses.
A- ACCORDING TO CAPACITY
1.H. T. V (HEAVY TRANSPORT VEHICLE) EXAMPLE- Trucks & BUSES
2.L. T. V (LIGHT TRANSPORT VEHICLE) EXAMPLE- CARS, JEEPS
B- ACCORDING TO USE
C- ACCORDING TO MAKE AND MODEL
1- BAJAJ, ROYAL ENFIELD, HONDA etc.
2-PREMIER PADMINI, MARUTI, STANDARD etc.
3-TATA, LEYLAND, NISSAN etc.
D- ACCORDING TO FUEL USED
1-PETROL VEHICLES e.g. SCOOTERS, CARS etc.
2-DIESEL VEHICLES e.g. BUSES, TRUCKS, CARS etc.
E- ACCORDING TO BODY STYLE
1- CLOSED CARS e.g. SALOONS, COUPE etc.
2. OPEN CARS e.g. SPORTS CAR, CONVERTIBLE CARS etc.
3- SPECIAL STYLES e.g. ESTATE CAR, STATION WAGON etc.
F- ACCORDING TO WHEELS
1-TWO WHEELERS e.g. SCOOTERS, MOTORCYCLES etc.
2-THREE WHEELERS e.g. TEMPOS, AUTO RICKSHAW etc.
3-FOUR WHEELERS e.g. CARS, JEEPS etc.
4-SIX WHEELERS e.g. TRUCKS, BUSES etc.
G- ACCORDING TO DRIVE
1- LEFT AND RIGHT HAND DRIVE
# LEFT HAND DRIVE e.g. AMERICAN VEHICLES
# RIGHT HAND DRIVE e.g. INDIAN VEHICLES
2- FRONT AXLE , REAR AXLE, BOTH AXLES DRIVE
# FRONT WHEEL DRIVE e.g. MARUTI CAR
# REAR WHEEL DRIVE e.g. AMBASSADOR CAR
# ALL WHEEL DRIVE e.g. JEEPS
H- ACCORDING TO TRANSMISSION
1-CONVENTIONAL - HERE ORDINARY CRASH TYPE GEAR BOX IS USED e.g. INDIAN CARS
2-SEMI AUTOMATIC- TWO PEDAL TRANSMISSION USING MANUAL OPERATION OF THE STANDARD GEAR BOX , WITH AUTOMATIC GEAR BOX
3- FULLY AUTOMATIC- THAT USES COMBINATIONS OF EPICYCLICAL GEAR TRAINS AND TORQUE CONVERTERS.
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